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Common Sports Injuries + Treatment

Personal Note

I sprained my thumb today, so I felt it would be a good day to write something about sports injuries and treatment.

Participating in sports or physical activities is a fantastic way to stay healthy and active. However, along with the thrill of competition and exercise, there's always a risk of injury. From sprained ankles to wrist strains, these injuries can be painful and frustrating, potentially sidelining you from your favorite activities. 

But fear not! With the right knowledge and treatment, you can bounce back stronger than ever. Let's delve into some common sports injuries and how to effectively manage them.

1. Sprained Ankle:

A sprained ankle is one of the most prevalent sports injuries, occurring when the ligaments that support the ankle stretch or tear. The initial treatment for a sprained ankle is R.I.C.E:

  • Rest: Avoid putting weight on the affected ankle.
  • Ice: Apply ice to the injured area for 15-20 minutes every few hours to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Compression: Wrap the ankle with a compression bandage to provide support and reduce swelling.
  • Elevation: Keep the injured ankle elevated above heart level whenever possible to minimize swelling.

After the acute phase, gentle range-of-motion exercises and physical therapy can help strengthen the ankle and prevent re-injury. Gradually reintroduce weight-bearing activities as the ankle heals.

2. Sprained Wrist:

A sprained wrist typically occurs when the ligaments in the wrist are stretched or torn, often due to a fall onto an outstretched hand. Treatment for a sprained wrist involves similar principles to that of a sprained ankle:

  • Rest: Avoid activities that exacerbate the pain and allow the wrist to rest.
  • Ice: Apply ice packs to the wrist for 15-20 minutes every few hours to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Compression: Use a wrist brace or wrap to stabilize the joint and limit movement.
  • Elevation: Keep the wrist elevated to reduce swelling.

Once pain and swelling subside, gentle stretching and strengthening exercises can aid in rehabilitation. Gradually increase the intensity of activities as the wrist gains strength and flexibility.

3. Strained Muscles:

Muscle strains are common in sports that involve sudden movements or overexertion. The initial treatment for a strained muscle involves the R.I.C.E protocol, followed by:

  • Gentle stretching: Once pain diminishes, begin gentle stretching exercises to improve flexibility and range of motion.
  • Strengthening exercises: Gradually introduce strengthening exercises to rebuild muscle strength and endurance.
  • Gradual return to activity: Ease back into sports or physical activities slowly, listening to your body and avoiding overexertion.

4. Tennis Elbow:

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is an overuse injury characterized by pain and inflammation on the outer part of the elbow. Treatment options include:

  • Rest: Avoid activities that aggravate the symptoms.
  • Ice: Apply ice packs to the affected area to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Compression: Use a compression bandage or brace to provide support and relieve pressure on the tendon.
  • Physical therapy: Eccentric exercises, stretching, and strengthening exercises can help alleviate symptoms and prevent recurrence.

In addition to these specific treatments, it's essential to practice good injury prevention strategies, such as warming up before exercise, using proper equipment, and maintaining overall fitness and flexibility. If pain persists or worsens despite conservative treatment, consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance.

Remember, patience is key when recovering from a sports injury. Rushing the rehabilitation process can lead to further damage and prolong your recovery time. Listen to your body, follow your treatment plan diligently, and before you know it, you'll be back in action, stronger and more resilient than ever.

Fun Archery Activities for Summer Cottaging

Looking for something fun to do this summer at the cottage? Take your archery equipment with you and do some of the following:

  1. Archery Competitions: Organize friendly archery competitions among friends and family. You can set up different challenges such as target shooting at various distances, shooting games like "Balloon Pop" or "Bow Tic-Tac-Toe," or even a traditional archery tournament with scoring rounds.

  2. 3D Archery Course: Set up a 3D archery course around the cottage property or nearby woods. Use 3D animal targets to simulate hunting scenarios and practice shooting from different angles and distances.

  3. Archery Tag: Play a game of archery tag, where participants use bows and foam-tipped arrows to tag opponents. It's a thrilling and active way to enjoy archery with a competitive edge.

  4. Archery Scavenger Hunt: Create an archery-themed scavenger hunt with targets hidden around the cottage area. Participants must locate and shoot each target to uncover clues or win prizes.

  5. Nighttime Glow Archery: Use glow-in-the-dark arrows and targets to play archery games after dark. Set up a safe shooting range illuminated by torches or LED lights for a unique and exciting experience.

  6. Archery Skill Challenges: Design various skill challenges to test archery abilities such as shooting accuracy, speed, and precision. Examples include shooting at moving targets, shooting balloons while blindfolded, or hitting specific targets under time pressure.

  7. Archery Crafting Workshops: Get creative with archery-themed crafting workshops. Make your own custom arrows, design leather quivers or arm guards, or decorate bows with paint or carving techniques.

  8. Bow Making Demonstrations: If you have the skills and resources, demonstrate the art of bow making to interested participants. Show how to carve bows from wood or craft traditional bows using natural materials.

  9. Archery Storytelling: Gather around the campfire and share stories and legends related to archery and hunting. Explore the historical significance of archery in different cultures or recount personal experiences and memorable moments from past archery adventures.


    Looking for archery lessons in Toronto? Contact to book your archery lessons.

Bedridden Exercises

Depending upon your circumstances you might someday find yourself bedridden due to one of the following reasons:

  • You might be elderly.
  • You might be recovering from surgery.
  • You might have a chronic illness.
  • You might have a severe injury.
  • You might require palliative care.
  • You might have a disability.

For whatever the reason, in such circumstances you may be looking for exercises that you can do in bed so that your muscles don't atrophy and so you can remain mobile and healthy once you are no longer bedridden. Some people may also keep dumbbells or similar exercise equipment next to their bed for the purpose of exercising, but let's assume that you don't have anything like that handy.

Therefore the following list of exercises was made for people in such circumstances:

  1. Leg lifts: Lift one leg at a time, hold for a few seconds, and then lower it back down. Repeat with the other leg.
  2. Ankle circles: Rotate each ankle clockwise and then counterclockwise to promote circulation and flexibility.
  3. Knee bends: Gently bend and straighten each knee, holding for a few seconds in the bent position.
  4. Arm raises: Lift each arm slowly towards the ceiling and then lower it back down.
  5. Hand squeezes: Squeeze a soft ball or rolled-up towel (or a blanket / pillow) with your hands, hold for a few seconds, and then release.
  6. Neck stretches: Gently tilt your head to one side, hold for a few seconds, and then switch to the other side.
  7. Shoulder shrugs: Raise both shoulders towards your ears, hold for a few seconds, and then relax.
  8. Abdominal contractions: Tighten your abdominal muscles as if trying to bring your belly button towards your spine, hold for a few seconds, and then relax.
  9. Deep breathing exercises: Inhale deeply through your nose, hold for a few seconds, and then exhale slowly through your mouth.
  10. Pelvic tilts: Tighten your abdominal muscles and gently tilt your pelvis upward, hold for a few seconds, and then relax.


Obviously don't do any of the knee exercises if you have a knee injury, for example. If you know you have a problem area, skip any exercises that puts too much strain on that body part.

If any of the exercises hurt then don't do them. This isn't a "no pain, no gain" situation. It is better to err on the side of caution here.

The goal here is to improve circulation, maintain muscle strength, and prevent stiffness.

If you are concerned about any of these exercises and whether they are safe I recommend consulting a physician first and see which exercises that they agree are best suited to your situation. They may also be able to suggest a physical therapist who can provide additional exercises that are suitable.

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